Opinion

As climate change and severe weather events are garnering rising numbers of headlines, lenders and institutional investors are increasingly interested in how risks and opportunities associated with environmental and climate (E&C) factors figure into corporate credit ratings. Jessica Williams, the primary credit analyst on S&P Global Ratings’ recent report on the topic, explains.

The FINANCIAL -- In this analysis, we will look at the ineffable or unsaid reasons for volatility of the exchange rate (XRT) and devaluation of the Georgian Lari (GEL), which was revealed neither by the Government, National Bank, nor by experts in Georgia, and seek ways for inflation-targeting, referring to new methods offered by foreign and Georgian economists.

The FINANCIAL -- The annual diabetes programme budget in Georgia exceeds GEL 8 million. However the sum does not sufficiently cover all the needs of diabetes patients. Partial covering of the services is leading to the necessity of out-of-pocket and co-payments, with a relatively high percentage for patients. The Georgian state diabetes programme needs perfection to make vital services available for all people living with diabetes. Well-managed diabetes can prevent many complications reducing further healthcare costs, subsequently covered by the universal healthcare programme.

The FINANCIAL -- Despite Georgia being No. 9 in the world according to the World Bank ranking in ease of doing business, international shipping companies, amongst others, simply do not exist in Georgia. The reason is simple: other countries offer business-oriented tax legislation to international business, especially to the shipping industry.

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